Men have it too

Have you or your partner ever noticed that you have hot flashes, gain weight, or have impaired sexual function?

We all know that women have a fixed ovarian reserve that gradually decreases over time, leading to menopause. Men don’t go through menopause, but they face a similar problem as their testosterone levels tend to drop dramatically. And it’s called andropause, or just male menopause. As men age, they experience a number of changes, from graying hair to loss of muscle mass. One of the most dramatic changes men experience is the drop in testosterone levels.

“It’s not often discussed because there’s not a lot of research on this, due to the fact that you don’t die from decreased gonadal hormones, and hormone withdrawal isn’t as extreme as in women. When men experience this, there are usually other factors at play besides the drop in hormones such as work stress, marital stress, life management and lifestyles” , said Dr Anubha Singh, gynecologist and IVF expert from Shantah Fertility Centre, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi.

What exactly is andropause?

The reduction in testosterone levels in men is called male menopause.

“Any time beyond age 40 when women’s estrogen levels begin to decline. Low testosterone is a term used by some doctors to describe it. It is natural to see a decrease in the production of the male hormone testosterone as you age, but it can also occur when you have diabetes. Late-onset hypogonadism, often referred to as age-related low testosterone, is a steady decrease in levels of testosterone.This is a more gradual menopause than female menopause, in which ovulation stops and hormone production drops for a short period,” Dr. Anubha Singh explained.

What are some of the signs and symptoms?

Fatigue, low libido and difficulty concentrating are just some of the symptoms that could occur as a result of this reduction. Apart from these, there are other signs and symptoms:

• Decreased mental acuity (poor concentration, depressed mood) • Loss of strength and energy

• Gain weight, lose muscle and gain weight

• Depressed moods and/or lack of zeal and enthusiasm • Irritability

• Muscle aches and pains (sensation of stiffness)

• Sweats or hot flashes

• Cold hands and feet

• Itching • Sexual dysfunction • Loss of height

What causes andropause?

Testosterone is responsible for various important functions in men. For example, it regulates libido, sperm production and muscle mass. Dr. Shobha Gupta, Medical Director and IVF Specialist at Mother’s Lap IVF Centre, Pitampura, New Delhi, explained, “Testosterone is important for bone health and blood production. It is produced in the testicles and the adrenal glands. As men tend to age, testosterone levels tend to drop, along with the ability to produce sperm. This leads to a condition called andropause”.

When do men experience andropause?

Andropause can start around the age of 40 but it can start earlier and continue until the age of 70.

There has been more and more talk about andropause, but not all doctors and psychologists agree that there is a male menopause because not all men experience it, and for those who do, they don’t. often do not express it. Their feelings are as free as women.

Diagnosis and treatment

“If you’re experiencing the symptom mentioned above, that’s your sign, otherwise your doctor will likely do a blood test to measure your testosterone levels. If it’s low, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may be prescribed. You may be advised to make lifestyle changes, such as exercising more and having a healthier diet,” explained Dr. Shobha Gupta.

How can you help your body and mind cope with andropause?

• Have a good diet: a healthy diet, which includes a balance of vegetables, fruits, meats, fish and dairy products

• Be active: exercise regularly, including aerobic, strength and flexibility exercises

• Regular health check-ups: get regular health check-ups, especially for cardiovascular, prostate and testicular cancer

• Hormones: Check hormone levels as you age. Generally, between the ages of 40 and 55, several important hormones in a man’s body begin to decline.

• Reduce stress: Exercise and relaxation help reduce stress, as does talking to your partner, friends and family about your problems.

• Intimacy: Although sex is still important during male menopause, you will begin to see sex as part of a loving relationship that includes friendship, intimacy and sharing.

Sleep: get enough sleep

Men experience menopause differently, it depends a lot on their personality. Unlike menopause in women, Dr. Shobha Gupta believes that “more research is needed on andropause, or male menopause, to fully understand it and determine what can be done to help men at this stage of their life. life”.

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