Open schools, students should pay attention to unacknowledged skills
From September, distance education gave way to face-to-face education. After about a year and a half, the children had their lessons. With the opening of schools, experts drew attention to the decline in students’ learning abilities.
It was stated that being away from education in Turkey, which is one of the countries where schools are closed for a long time, increases the psychological and social effects on students. According to the McKinsey 2021 report, the effects of “incomplete learning” became more prominent after starting school.
When face-to-face teaching started, students who moved on to the next class could not actually acquire the knowledge and skills required for the class they should have started in distance education. In particular, the inequality of opportunity in online education has made this difference more evident. Although the structure offered by the school system was tempted to be provided to some extent in the online environment, the decrease in social interaction in this process limited the ground on which these skills could develop.
Parents should remain calm during rehabilitation at school
Stating that going back to school is a process that can take time with the restart of face-to-face teaching, Dr from the Psychology Department at Istanbul Bilgi University. Instructor member Zeynep Maçkalı said: “Each child and youth’s level of preparation to return to school may be different. At this point, it is important to understand the difficulty that children and young people have in returning to school, without making a comparison. Parents should be careful not to bring up their own anxieties and fears when discussing the importance of going back to school. Talking about what they like to do at school and how their day went on the way to school can also be encouraging back to school. Parents may feel uncomfortable about their children starting school, it is important to realize these feelings. When talking to their children about going back to school, they should be careful not to show their own discomfort to their children. Although the perception of the child is different depending on the age group in which he is found, the child who feels the discomfort of his parents may see the return to school as a threat or a danger. This can create a reluctance to go to school. At this point, trying to put the benefit of the child first and dealing with the situation in a calm, reassuring, and supportive manner can help the process go more smoothly. At this point, they can try to be a role model for their children by talking about how they are trying to cope with this difficulty.
Maths decreased by 5 months, reading skills decreased by 4 months.
It is worth noting that research showing that the social skills of preschool children decline dramatically (e.g. Timmons, Cooper, Bozek & Brand, 2021, Engzell, Frey & Verhagen, 2021). Highlighting the report published by McKinsey & Co in 2021, Dr. Instructor Member Zeynep Maçkalı; “According to the report, it was stated that the math skills of elementary and secondary school students decreased by five months and their reading skills by four months. In another study by Prowse et al. in 2021, which included the experiences of university students on online education, it was revealed that around 30 percent of them had difficulty transitioning to distance education, they experienced more stress , their negative moods such as isolation, loneliness, hopelessness increased and their motivation decreased. It is not difficult to predict that with all of these negative effects, the academic performance of university students may also decline.
Extreme stress caused sleep problems
Resuming face-to-face teaching after differentiated class arrangements, shortened class hours and early school programs in distance education can create difficulties for many students. With the required physical distancing rules, the obligation to wear a mask and the different attitudes towards vaccination being dropped in March 2020, we were faced with a whole different environment.
Transferring the results of the research (Marques de Miranda et al., 19) on how COVID-6 affects the mental health of people aged 21 to 2020 in America, China, Europe and South America, Dr. Instructor Member Zeynep Maçkalı; “According to the report, around 12 to 48% of people in this age group suffer from depression and anxiety. In a study by Schwartz et al. (2021) of students returning to school between 12 and 18 years of age in Canada, it was determined that 25 percent of student stress levels were above the critical level. It was stated that they had more problems with sleeping, hyper-arousal and negative affects in relation to this situation. In another study (Ren et al., 19) examining the psychological effects of COVID-2021 on college students with the introduction of face-to-face teaching in China, it was revealed that students suffered from symptoms of depression and anxiety. In another study (Hillis et al., 21) conducted among the under-18 group in 2021 countries, it was revealed that more than a million people have lost at least one of their parents and / or Grand parents. At this point, situations such as reluctance, difficulty concentrating, and introversion have been observed in students who have lost loved ones on the way back to school. In this regard, it is important to plan psychosocial support activities that will provide space for dealing with losses and increase psychological resilience.